I found this information written in a board in the palace with the title: Mir Osman Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VII
Born: 6th April 1886 at Hyderabad.
Accession to the throne: 29th August 1911 at Hyderabad.
Died: 24th February 1967 at Hyderabad.
If one epithet could be applied to the VIIth Nizam it must be the word “giving”. Installed at the Chowmahalla Palace, Mir Osman Ali Khan gave away more wealth in one lifetime then is conceivable. Not many knows that he donated his last 14,000 acres of land to Acharya Vinobha Bhave for the Bhoodan movement. Osman Ali Khan gave generously to every worthy cause in India, irrespective of race or religion. The list of beneficiaries included the Aligarh Muslim University, Benaras Hindu University, Shantiniketan, Shivaji Vidyapeeth, the Bhandarkar institute Lady Harding Medical College, The Red Cross and the Golden Temple at Amritsar.
He envisaged Hyderabad as a modern state on a par with the western world. He declared, “in every way I will do my best to do good to my people and my State”. The policy of the State was to improve administration, develop natural resources, establish cultural institutions, and better the condition of it’s citizens.
Mir Osman Ali Khan’s first official act in 1911 was to abolish the death penalty from the criminal code for civilians. he was also the first to separate the judiciary from the executive in 1921. It would be 53 years before this was implemented in the rest of India.
Hyderabad was the only State in British India that coined it’s own money, had it’s own postal system, and printed it’s own stamps. The Nizam, also had his own private army, the Hyderabad regular forces, comprising 50,000 men.
In another board there was more information on Mir Osman Ali Khan with the title: Sultan ul-uloom, Monarch of the Sciences:
The VIIth Nizam spent more on education than on any other budgetary head often exceeding 11% of the total allowance. One of his greatest achievements was to enforce free primary education in the State and to consolidate this effort he established the Osmania University in 1917.
In his epoch making farman of the 26th of April of 1917, the Nizam declared: : I am pleased to express my approval…of the inauguration of a university in the state in which the knowledge and culture of ancient and modern times may be blended harmoniously and taking full advantage of all that is best in the ancient and modern systems of physical, intellectual, and spiritual culture. In addition to its primary object to disseminate knowledge, it should aim at the moral training of the students and give an impetus to research in all scientific subjects. With this object in view, I am pleased to order that steps to be taken for the inauguration of the lines laid down for a university for the dominions to be called the Osmania university of Hyderabad, in commemoration of my accession to the throne”.
Osmania was the first university in the country, where an Indian language Urdu, was the primary medium of Education, with English being the compulsory second language.
Of this university Rabindra Nath Tagore wrote, “I have long been waiting for the day, when free from the shackles of the foreign language, our education becomes naturally accessible to all our people.”
C. Rajagopalachari termed the university a “true Vidyapeeth, the Swadeshi university of all India”.
An old sofa: