Indian Cobra (Naja Naja): Found throughout India. One of the famous four poisonous snakes found in India. It is called spectacled or binocellate cobra because of the famous spectacled mark on its hood. They are found in all types of forests, rice fields, even in populated towns or cities. They mainly feed on rats, lizards, frogs, snakes, small birds, etc. When threatened they spread their ribs to display their “spectacle” and hiss loudly. It strikes only under extreme provocation. Venom affects nervous system.
Common rat snake (Ptyas mucosus): Found throughout India including Andaman and Nicobar islands, from sea level to 4000 meters. The most common non poisonous snake. Can grow up to 3.7 meters in length. Very often mistaken for a cobra. It can be found in any environment, rice fields, rat holes, termite mounds, high grass and storage places. They are diurnal. Mainly feed rats thus acting as a savior of the farmers crops. Also, feeds on frogs, lizards, birds and other snakes. When threatened puffs its throat and hisses and strikes with force. Lays 6-14 eggs.
Checkered keelback or Asiatic Water Snake (Xenochrophis piscator): Found throughout India in streams and ponds. The common non-poisonous water snake of India. Easily identified because of the common black and white spots arranged like aches board on the back. Feeds on tadpoles, water insects, fish, frogs and occasionally rodents and birds. Female lays eggs 20-40 in holes adjacent to water bodies.