I found very interesting information about satellites displayed in boards in the museum:
- India has established a large constellation of remote sensing satellites providing data in a variety of spatial resolutions and spectral bands for different applications.
- Remote sensing applications are implemented through the National Natural Resources Management System NNRMS. The application covers several resources in agriculture, environment and forest, water, terrain modeling, urban development, rural development, oceans, minerals, and national planning.
- Integrated mission for sustainable development (IMSD) uses satellite derived information and collateral and socio-economic data to generate locale specific plans for land and water resources development at village level.
- ISRO has flown scientific payloads on its satellites. SROSS-C2 satellite launched in May 1994 is providing valuable data on celestial gamma ray burst and upper atmosphere. IRS-P3 satellite launched in March 1996 is providing data on X-ray sources. ISRO has a range of Sounding Rockets for investigation of upper atmospheres. Ground facilities includes mesosphere-stratosphere-troposphere Radar and observatories. India participates in International Science campaigns Like Geosphere-Biosphere Program, Indian Ocean experiment, Solar terrestrial energy program, etc.
Another board had the title: Aryabhata, India’s First Satellite
Aryabhata was launched on April 19, 1975 by intercosmos rocket of erstwhile USSR in to 594 km orbit. The 360 kg satellite was aimed at proving various spacecraft technologies. It also carried instruments for X-ray and Gamma-ray astronomy and aeronomy experiments.
Image of Aryabhata satellite:
Aryabhata: Aryabhata was a celebrated Indian astronomer and mathematician who was born at Kusumapura near Pataliputra (now Patna) in 476 A.D. His first famous work “Aryabhatia”, was written when he was just 23. Among the important contributions of Aryabhata are the recognition of the importance of the movement of earth around the sun, determination of the physical parameters of various celestial bodies, such as the diameter of Earth, Moon, etc. In addition he was responsible for laying foundation of modern Algebra. He gave the solution of Quadratic equation and general solution for intermediate equation of the first degree. He gave the first fundamental definition of Trigonometric functions and was also responsible for pointing out the importance of “Zero”. He determined the value of Pi correct to four decimals for the first time.